Realidade física e a experiência de ser e existir

Ricardo Pires de Souza

Resumo


A realidade física nos é inacessível e não sabemos o que somos ou o que é a realidade. A psique – a experiência psicológica individual subjetiva, parte consciente e parte profundamente inconsciente – é a única experiência de ser e existir e a única realidade a que temos acesso. A origem da imagem de Deus está na busca de contenção para a perplexidade e o medo diante da ideia da morte e do desconhecido e da não-existência, e na busca de significado para a experiência psíquica percebida como realidade única. A diversidade de expressões das imagens de Deus – sejam declaradamente religiosas, sejam em suas formulações racionais e matemáticas – é função da cultura e assume forma narrativa psicologicamente verdadeira. Descrever a realidade experimentada é o que nos é possível e nos cabe.

Palavras-chave


física, vida, consciência, inconsciente, individuação, self, realidade

Texto completo:

PDF HTML PDF (English)

Referências


Akil, H., Brenner S., Kandel E., Kendler K. S., King M. C., Scolnick E., ... Zoghbi H. Y. (2010, March 26). The future of psychiatric research: genomes and neural circuits. Science, 327(5973), 1580-1581. doi: 10.1126/science.1188654

Armstrong, K. (2000). Buddha. London: Phoenix.

Baez, J. C., & Huerta, J. (2011). The strangest numbers in string theory. Scientific American, 304(5), 60-65.

Bainbridge, W. S. (2007, July 27). The scientific research potential of virtual worlds. Science, 317(5837), 472-476. doi: 10.1126/science.1146930

Balazs, A. C., & Epstein, I. R. (2009 September 25). Emergent or just complex? Science, 325(5948), 1632-1634. doi: 10.1126/science.1178323

Balter, M. (2009, February 06). On the origin of art and symbolism. Science, 323(5915), 709-711. doi: 10.1126/science.323.5915.709

Bancroft, A. (1997). The Dhammapada. Rockport: Element.

Bekenstein, J. D. (2003). Information in the holographic universe. Scientific American, 289(2), 58-67.

Benton, M. J. (2009). The red queen and the court jester: species diversity and the role of biotic and abiotic factors through time. Science, 323(5915), 728-732. doi: 10.1126/science.1157719

Beyer, T., Townsend, D. W., Brun, T., Kinahan, P. E., Charron, M., Roddy, R., ... Nutt, R. (2000). A combined PET/CT scanner for clinical oncology. The Journal of Nuclear Medicine, 41(8), 1369-1379.

Bojowald, M. (2008). Follow the bouncing universe. Scientific American, 229(4), 44-51.

Bowler, P. J. (2009 January 09). Darwin’s originality. Science, 323(5911), 223-226. doi: 10.1126/science.1160332

Budge, E. A. W. (1996). The Book of the Dead. New York: Gramercy Books.

Clifton, T., & Pereira, P. G. (2009). Does dark energy really exist? Scientific American, 300(4), 48-55.

Colman, W. (2009). Theory as metaphor: clinical knowledge and its communication. Journal of Analytical Psychology, 54(2), 199-215. doi: 10.1111/j.1468-5922.2009.01770.x

Couzin, J. (2005, July 01). How much can human life span be extended? Science, 309(5731), 83. doi: 10.1126/science.309.5731.83

Dawkins, R. (2004). The ancestor’s tale: The dawn of evolution. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company.

Ehrenfreund, P., Irvine, W., Becker, L., Blank, Brucato, J. R., Colangeli, L., ... International Space Science Institute ISSI-Team. (2002). Astrophysical and astrochemical insights into the origin of life. Reports on Progress in Physics, 65, 1427-1487. Retrieved from https://www.researchgate.net/profile/J_Brucato/publication/231078506_Astrophysical_and_astrochemical_insights_into_the_origin_of_life/links/0deec51dedcfeca120000000.pdf

Ellis, G. F. R. (2011). Does the multiverse really exist? Scientific American, 305(2), 38-43.

Feng, J., & Trodden, M. (2010). Dark worlds. Scientific American, 303(5), 38-47.

Gardner, J., & Maier, J. (1985). Gilgamesh, translated from the Sîn-Leqi-Unninni version. New York: Vintage Books.

Goldman, M. (2009, August 14). Epigenetic determinism. Science, 325(5942), 816. doi: 10.1126/science.1175293

Han, J., Kushner S. A., Yiu A. P., Hsiang H. L., Buch T., Waisman A., ... Josselyn S. A. (2009). Selective erasure of a fear memory. Science, 323(5920), 1492-1496. doi: 10.1126/science.1164139.

Hawking, S., & Mlodinow, L. (2010). The grand design. New York: Bantan Books.

Hood, B. (2013). Recriando a realidade. Scientific American Mente Cérebro, 241, 48-51.

Jung, C. G. (1973). Psychology of religion: West and East. In C. G. Jung, The Collected Words (Vol. 11) [Kindle]. New Jersey: Princeton University Press. Retrieved from Amazon.com

Jung, C. G. (1976a). Symbols of transformation. In C. G. Jung, The Collected Words (Vol. 5) [Kindle]. New Jersey: Princeton University Press. Retrieved from Amazon.com

Jung, C. G. (1976b). The symbolic life. In C. G. Jung, The Collected Words (Vol. 18) [Kindle]. New Jersey: Princeton University Press. Retrieved from Amazon.com

Jung, C. G. (1979). Aion: Researches into the phenomenology of the Self. In C. G. Jung, The Collected Words (Vol. 9/2) [Kindle]. New Jersey: Princeton University Press. Retrieved from Amazon.com

Jung, C. G. (1980). Archetypes and the collective unconscious. In C. G. Jung, The Collected Words (Vol. 9/1) [Kindle]. New Jersey: Princeton University Press. Retrieved from Amazon.com

Jung, C. G. (1985a). Practice of psychotherapy. In C. G. Jung, The Collected Words (Vol. 16) [Kindle]. New Jersey: Princeton University Press. Retrieved from Amazon.com

Jung, C. G. (1985b). Freud and psychoanalysis. In C. G. Jung, The Collected Words (Vol. 4) [Kindle]. New Jersey: Princeton University Press. Retrieved from Amazon.com

Jung, C. G. (1986). Símbolos da Transformação. In C. G. Jung, Obras Completas (Vol. V). Petrópolis: Ed. Vozes.

Kant, I. (1785/2013). Fundamental principles of the metaphysic of morals [Kindle]. Retrieved from Amazon.com

Lívio, M. (2011). Why math works. Scientific American, 305(2), 80-83.

Lovelock, J. (1995): Gaia: A new look at life on Earth [Kindle]. Retrieved from Amazon.com

Lwoff, A. (1954). The life cycle of a virus. Scientific American, 190(3), 34-37.

Margulis, L., & Sagan, D. (2002). O que é vida? Rio de Janeiro: Jorge Zahar.

Margulis, L. (2013). The symbiotic planet: a new look at evolution [Kindle]. Retrieved from Amazon.com

Maturana, H. R., & Varela, F. J. (1987). The tree of knowledge. Boston: Shambhala Publications.

Miller, G. (2005, July 01). What is the biological basis of consciousness? Science, 309(5731), 79. doi: 10.1126/science.309.5731.79

Moreira, M. A. (2009, Abril). O modelo padrão da física de partículas [online]. Revista Brasileira de Ensino de Física, 31(1), 1306-1311. Retrieved from http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1806-11172009000100006&lng=en&nrm=iso&tlng=pt

Musser, G. (2010). Could time end? Scientific American, 303(3), 84-91.

Nicolelis, M. A. L. (2011). Mind out of body. Scientific American, 304(2), 80-83.

Novello, M. (2012). O bóson de Higgs e a massa de todos os corpos. Scientific American Brasil, 124, 42-49.

Orgel, L. E. (2004). Prebiotic chemistry and the origin of the RNA world. Critical Reviews in Biochemistry and Molecular Biology [online], 39(2), 99-123. doi: 10.1080/10409230490460765. Retrieved from http://bonhamchemistry.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/01/RNA_World.pdf

Pennisi, E. (2005, July 01). Why do humans have so few genes? Science, 309(5731), 80. doi: 10.1126/science.309.5731.80

Pennisi, E. (2009, November 06). No genome left behind. Science, 326(5954), 794-795. doi: 10.1126/science.326_794

Pennisi, E. (2010, May 21). Genomics. Synthetic genome brings new life to bacterium. Science, 328(5981), 958-959. doi: 10.1126/science.328.5981.958

Prusiner, S. B. (1984). Prions. Scientific American, 251(4), 50-59.

Pigliucci, M. (2009, February 06). The overwhelming evidence. Science, 323(5915), 716-717. doi: 10.1126/science.1168718

Reale, G., & Antiseri, D. (2003). Filosofia pagã antiga. In História da filosofia (Vol. 1). São Paulo: Paulus.

Riess, A. G., & Turner, M. S. (2004). From slowdown to speedup. Scientific American, 290(2), 62-67.

Riordan, M., Tonelli, G. & Wu S. L. (2013, May 21). The Higgs at last. Scientific American, 307(4), 66-73.

Schmidt, K. (2000). Göbekli Tepe, Southeastern Turkey: a preliminary report on the 1995-1999 excavations. Paléorient [online], 26(1), 45-54. Retrieved from http://www.persee.fr/doc/paleo_0153-9345_2000_num_26_1_4697

Seife, C. (2005, July 01). Can the laws of physics be unified? Science, 309(5731):82. doi: 10.1126/science.309.5731.82

Smolin, L. (2004). Atoms of space and time. Scientific American, 290(1), 66-75.

Steiner, J. E. (2006). A origem do universo. Estudos Avançados [online], 20(58),231-248. Retrieved from http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?pid=s0103-40142006000300022&script=sci_arttext

Tinôco, C. A. (1996). As Upanishads. São Paulo: IBRASA.

Tomasello, M. (2000). Primate cognition: Introduction to the issue. Cognitive Science, 24(3), 351-361. Retrieved from http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/store/10.1207/s15516709cog2403_1/asset/s15516709cog2403_1.pdf;jsessionid=344ED0CDA2E6EEB55C9AF43CFD9185AD.f01t04?v=1&t=imf476xf&s=945b2f0f2eaf745d5064d9a3733238c29cce77a7

Turner, M. S. (2009). Origin of the universe. Scientific American. 301(3), 36-43.

Veneziano, G. (2012). The myth of the beginning of time. Scientific American, 290(5), 54-65.

Vernadsky, V. I. (1998). The biosphere [Kindle]. New York: Copernicus/Spring-Verlag. Retrieved from Amazon.com

von Franz, M. (2003). Mitos de criação. São Paulo: Paulus.

Wilkins, C. (1785). The Bhagavad Gita, in the Public Domain [Kindle]. Retrieved from Amazon.com

Zilhão, J., Angelucci, D. E., Badal-García, E., d'Errico F., Daniel, F., Dayet L., ... Zapata, J. (2010). Symbolic use of marine shells and mineral pigments by Iberian Neanderthals. Proceedings of the National Academy os Sciences of the United States of America, 107(3), 1023-1028. doi: 10.1073/pnas.0914088107. Retrieved from http://www.pnas.org/content/107/3/1023.full

Zimmer, C. (2009, January 09). On the origin of life. Science, 323(5911):198-199. doi: 10.1126/science.323.5911.198

Zoja, L. (2005). Carl G. Jung como fenômeno histórico-cultural. Cadernos Junguianos, 1, 18-31.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21901/2448-3060/self-2016.vol01.0006

Métricas do artigo

Carregando Métricas ...

Metrics powered by PLOS ALM


Licença Creative Commons
Esta obra está licenciada sob uma licença Creative Commons Atribuição 4.0 Internacional.

ISSN 2448-3060